What is a short ETF and how can you go short on ETFs?
Exchange traded funds (ETFs) track financial securities and can diversify your portfolio basket when you trade or invest in the markets. Learn how to short an ETF.
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What does shorting an ETF mean?
Shorting an ETF means taking a position that will profit if the price of that ETF falls in value. Short-selling is a strategy you'll use if you have a negative view on the ETF you're shorting.
ETFs, like shares, are traded on an exchange. There are a couple of ways to short ETFs:
1. Short-selling a traditional ETF using a derivative
With us, you can short-sell standard ETFs by using CFDs, which are leveraged derivatives. You’ll short an ETF when you believe the price movement of the market it’s tracking will fall. You’ll profit if the market works in your favour and make a loss if it turns against you.
Leverage enables you to trade ETFs at a fraction of the full value of the underlying assets. Note that while leverage amplifies your profits when the market moves in your favour, it will magnify your losses if the market turns against you. Carefully manage your risk and ensure you trade within your financial means.
2. Trading or buying a short or inverse ETF
Inverse ETFs are funds traded on a public exchange that are designed to work in the opposite direction as the underlying assets they track. You’d trade inverse ETFs if you expect the market to take the move against the underlying assets you’re targeting. This means when the price of the inverse ETF rises, that of the target asset it’s tracking will fall, and vice versa.1
Remember that when trading inverse ETFs, you’ll do this using leverage. Alternatively, you can buy inverse ETFs and this can be done without leverage.
However, inverse or short ETFs are also risky without leverage, and may not be the best strategy to hold long term. This is because inverse ETFs track the daily performance of financial securities and investing in these with a long-term view is likely not to yield similar results as in the short term.2
Why would you short an ETF?
You’d short an ETF if you want to:3
- Take a position on an ETF declining - this could be to back your judgement on an index or sector that you think will go on a downward trend
- Hedge or offset losses against your long position or exposure to a particular sector and industry. For example, you might short an oil ETF to offset losses to BP shares
- Reduce your risk by increasing your exposure using the basket of assets within your portfolio instead of shorting individual stocks
- Trade on a declining market so you can close your position at a relatively lower price than when you short it – this is true for inverse ETFs
How to short an ETF
- Decide how you want to go short on an ETF – selling an ETF, or buying a short ETF
- Research which ETF you want to short (or buy, in the case of short ETFs)
- Open an account or practise on a demo
- Open a position to ‘sell’ the ETF you want to short (or ‘buy’ in the case of short or inverse ETFs)
- Choose your position size and manage your risk
- Place your deal and monitor your trade
Shorting ETFs using CFDs
You can short ETFs using CFDs, which will enable you to trade spot with us. CFDs enable you to take a position on the rise and fall of price movement of the market. You’ll go long if you think the markets will rise and short if they fall.
CFDs are leveraged products that will amplify your market exposure at a fraction of the full value of your trade and you’ll exchange the price difference between the opening and closing positions.
Leverage will amplify your profits if the markets move in your favour and magnify your losses if they move against you. With leverage, losses can occur rapidly and exceed your initial deposit. Use our risk management tools before trading.
Buying or trading short or inverse ETFs
Inverse ETFs provide another avenue to make profits when markets are on a downward trend. With us, you can trade or buy inverse ETFs. This means when the target ETF depreciates in value, the inverse one appreciates.
Shorting ETFs vs. short or inverse ETFs
When shorting traditional ETFs, you’ll sell them with the hopes that the price will fall before you buy them back. Inverse ETFs were created to rise when the value of the target asset falls, and vice versa. But their value depreciates over time, which is over a daily timeline. You can go long on inverse ETFs with the hopes of making a profit if the market price rises and moves in your favour.
Differences between short selling ETFs and buying inverse ETFs:1,4
|Buying inverse ETFs
|Short term strategy (Intraday)
|Done on margin loaned from an online brokerage. Limitations on taking a position on certain types of account (e.g. retirement account)4
|You can buy them through investing, which includes pensions4
|Moderate compared to directly trading an index or commodity
|Costs and charges
|- Potential of an indefinite price rise
- Commission and overnight fees where applicable will be charged
|- The lowest you can trade for is $0
- No fees, but high expense ratios can be charged
|Volatility loss on total returns
If, for example, you’d opened a position on inverse ETFs in anticipation that the market would continue on a downward trend, but the price doesn’t fall, you’ll have to close your position at a loss. An online broker, like us, might charge you a penalty fee for not covering your trade by the time day trading ends.
If you have an account with an online broker, like us, but it doesn’t enable you to short traditional ETFs, then buying inverse ETFs will provide you with a similar position for your trade. Unlike traditional ETFs, inverse ones can be bought outright, reducing their risk compared to other trades made in a bearish market.5
Shorting ETFs summed up
- Shorting ETFs is a strategy used by day traders with the aim to make profits from depreciating or falling market shares
- With us, you can short-sell standard ETFs by using CFDs
- You can trade or invest in short or inverse ETFs, which move in the direction opposite to your chosen underlying asset
- Inverse ETFs provide another avenue to make profits when markets are on a downward trend
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