The LIBOR – or London Interbank Offered Rate – is a standard interest rate, used as the benchmark for calculating further rates on a range of loans across the globe. It’s calculated daily by the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE), which asks a range of banks for the interest rates they’d charge each other for a short-term loan. It then takes the average of these, which forms the daily LIBOR figure.
This is calculated in five currencies – the US dollar, euro, British pound, Japanese yen and Swiss Franc – and for a range of different lengths of loan. There are therefore 35 different LIBOR figures posted each day, which are used by financial companies around the world to calculate their own rates.