Top 10 UK penny stock for investors

We explain what you need to know about penny stocks and outline the top 10 gainers for investors to keep an eye on.

What is a penny stock?

Penny stocks are small, low-valued businesses that can offer higher risk and reward to investors. They are regarded as a more speculative investment than larger businesses because they are geared for growth and often loss-making, with many yet to generate any income or develop a viable product or service.

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has formally defined a US penny stock as one with a share price below $5 per share, having previously been a stock below $1 per share beforehand. Many of these are quoted over-the-counter (OTC) but some also trade on exchanges.

The UK does not have its own formal definition although a penny stock is generally considered to have a share price of below £1, with most confined to AIM.

Read more about the top 100 AIM shares

Some also like to define a penny stock not just by the value of each share but the entire business. The Halifax defines a UK penny stock as one with a market cap below £100 million while the SEC defines a ‘microcap stock’ as one with less than $300 million.

What are the risks and rewards associated with penny stocks?

A number of well-known companies started off as penny stocks. Those that invested in companies such as Ford Motor Co or JD Sports Fashion in the early stages have been well rewarded, however it is important to stress that many penny stocks ultimately fail and that investing can be highly speculative.

The share prices of penny stocks can be volatile, either as a result of lower liquidity or because it is sensitive to news and market developments. Penny stocks can turn into a huge success or an utter failure overnight: winning or losing one contract or the level of success of a new product, for example, can decide their future. Many penny stocks have no track record and it is not uncommon for them to have no assets, operations or revenue. Products and service offerings are often still in development and yet to be tested in the actual market. This could range from a small pharma stock developing a new drug to a junior miner digging for gold in foreign destinations, both of which are highly risky endeavours but ones that can be transformational if they are successful.

News coverage and analysis of penny stocks is harder to come by compared to gaining insight into larger, more popular stocks, and issues of corruption and fraud tend to be more prominent, although even the largest stocks are exposed to these matters too.

Read more about Singapore's penny stock crash of 2013

It is also worth noting that penny stocks are more likely to raise equity from investors on an ongoing basis as it gives them a way of securing vital funds for growth if traditional lenders refuse to provide debt, or if any available debt is too pricey. Each fundraising dilutes the shareholding of existing investors and devalues the price per share.

Top 10 UK penny stock gainers

Below is a list of the ten UK penny stocks that have delivered the biggest gains in share price over the three months to 17 January 2020:

Description Three-month price movement Share price
Eurasia Mining Platinum group metal miner in Russia 717% 3.84p
Oracle Power Coal producer in Pakistan 368% 1.08p
AFC Energy Fuel cell maker for clean energy 365% 21.2p
Intercede ID software provider 97% 62.6p
KEFI Minerals Gold and copper miner in Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia 89% 1.44p
Richland Resources Cash shell 88% 0.11p
Image Scan Holdings X-ray equipment for security, borders, airports, etc 83% 2.01p
Infrastructure India Closed-ended fund investing in Indian infrastructure 76% 2.9p
Stanley Gibbons Group Specialist retailer of collectables 70% 3.91p
Dillistone Group Software provider to the recruitment industry 51% 37p

Eurasia Mining

Eurasia Mining has reported the largest gains in share price of any UK-listed penny stock over the past three months (and for 2019 as a whole).

Shares spiked after the company announced that two major investment banks – China’s CITIC and Russia’s VTB Capital – were helping the company explore the ‘strategic options’ it has for its mining assets that lie in Russia. This includes the potential sale of its Kola and Urals assets that, if completed, would turn the miner into a cash shell. News on this front has been slow since late October but a possible sale is still on the cards. The two banks will only be paid if they are successful in finding a suitable deal, which makes it more likely.

Invest in Eurasia Mining shares today

Oracle Power

Oracle Power shares started to gain momentum in mid-December when the company announced it had signed a major deal with two formidable partners to develop its coal mine and adjoining power plant in Pakistan. It has struck a deal with a subsidiary of one of the world’s largest energy companies, China Coal, and The Private Office of HH Sheik Ahmed Dalmook Juma AL Maktoum, owned by the company’s aforementioned member of the UAE’s royal family.

The joint development agreement followed on from the project being named as a priority project in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor agreement struck between the two countries. China Coal, which will own 73% of the project, will be responsible for raising the funding needed while The Private Office, owning 15% (leaving Oracle with the remaining 12%), will help Oracle get in front of the people it needs to get it approved by regulators and ministers. It is still early days for the project, but the company has the support it needs to install long-term confidence behind it.

Invest in Oracle Power shares today

AFC Energy

Early investors in AFC Energy have been rewarded as the stock has managed to largely maintain sharp gains in early November, prompted by the company unveiling its inaugural range of products following years of research and development. It said its alkaline fuel cell technology ‘has become synonymous with low cost, high efficiency, and fuel tolerant hydrogen power generators’, which can be used for things like hydrogen-fuelled charging stations for electric vehicles. It has since released further good news, including details on how some of its technology can be used in more applications beyond fuel cells, giving the company further upside potential.

Invest in AFC Energy shares today


Intercede Group shares have gained ground since the company announced it had managed to book a small operating profit in the six months to the end of September 2019 for the first time in six years. Revenues rose 5% and costs fell by 9%, while cash generation picked up to bolster the amount of cash in the bank. This has been largely down to the release of a more scalable version of its ID and cybersecurity software that has allowed it to target a larger market. It is yet to release an update, but shareholders are hoping this is the start of something big. Chairman Chuck Pol said the first-half (H1) results ‘do not represent the full story of the progress that has been made to refocus the group’s strategy towards sustainable revenue growth and profitability’.

Invest in Intercede shares today

KEFI Minerals

KEFI Minerals shares rallied in early November after the company said the Ethiopian government had finally given it the all-clear to secure investment into its flagship project after being hit by delays caused by ‘administrative arrangements’.

The government and KEFI’s partner, ANS Mining, are ploughing money into the Tulu Kapi gold project, which looks set to be highly profitable considering it forecasts its open-pit operation will have all-in sustaining costs of just $800 per ounce – with gold prices currently north of $1500. It is hoping to produce 140,000 ounces annually for seven years to tap its 1.1 million ounces of reserves, and said the project could be the single largest-export for the country. The stock has government support and looks to be bringing a major new project in development at the right time based on the current gold price. Plus, it has an earlier stage gold and metals project in Saudi Arabia which gives the stock further potential going forward.

Invest in KEFI Minerals shares today

Richland Resources

Richland Resources shares rallied in December as the company finalised a deal to sell its Capricorn Sapphire project in Australia.

A company named Fura Gems purchased the project at the end of December after exercising an option, which saw it pay $1.25 million - $880,000 of which was used to repay lenders. This has left Richland as a cash shell with no material assets. This means it has to complete a reverse takeover of a new business within the next six months (before the end of June 2020) or it could turn itself into an investment company if it can raise at least £6 million in fresh capital. Richland is searching for a new opportunity after raiding £150,000 in a placing at a price of 0.1p, stating it is ‘seeking to identify a suitable reverse takeover transaction in the mining sector’.

Invest in Richland Resources shares today

Image Scan Holdings

Investors in Image Scan Holdings have shown belief in the company’s prospects this year after delivering mixed results in the 12 months to the end of September 2019. The company’s sales dropped by almost one-third and it turned to a loss, but its order book more than tripled, margins improved and it secured new contracts that have given it a solid foundation to build on in the new financial year, including an £800,000 deal for its ThreatScan portable X-ray systems with an unnamed European country.

Chairman and chief executive Bill Mawer said in early December, when the annual results were released, that: ‘It is disappointing to be reporting a decline in sales and profits. However, while the portable X-ray market has undoubtably become more competitive, recent orders show that our strong product range and focused international sales activity can still deliver. I am pleased to report that we start the new financial year with an order book that includes more portable systems than were delivered in all of last year.’

Invest in Image Scan shares today

Infrastructure India

Infrastructure India shares jumped higher in the run-up to the release of its interim results in mid-December.

The company said the value of its investments, all in infrastructure projects in India, had grown to nearly £260 million at the end of September 2019 from just £180 million a year earlier, pushing its net asset value up to 22p per share from 16p. Although this was partly driven by a stronger rupee versus the pound and lower yields on Indian bonds, it also said the outlook for its largest investment had improved. It said last year was a ‘period of investment’ but it is now looking to ‘commission, ramp up and complete all of its existing terminal facilities’ going forward.

Invest in Infrastructure India shares today

Stanley Gibbons Group

Stanley Gibbons Group shares soared higher in December in the weeks after it released interim results that showed its turnaround strategy is starting to pay off.

The firm, known for selling collectables and high-value stamps, refinanced the business and launched a plan to transform the company nearly two years ago and said its results in the six months to the end of September 2019 were the first to ‘clearly show the progress which is being made’. Sales were up 34% year-on-year (YoY) and its loss from continuing operations was nearly three times as small as the year before as its legacy issues begin to fall away. ‘While most of the legacy issues are behind us we have not become complacent and recognise that there is still a lot to do to rebuild trust from our clients and the market,’ said chairman Harry Wilson. ‘The collectibles market for stamps and coins has remained strong despite the economic uncertainties elsewhere and we have two of the strongest brands in the world to take advantage of this.’ This is a stock in recovery mode that is hoping to reap the rewards of its heavy investment and restructuring in recent years.

Invest in Stanley Gibbons shares today

Dillistone Group

Dillistone Group is another stock that is hoping to recover after restructuring the business.

The company, which provides software to the recruitment industry, has been integrating its business units so they work closer together and relocating major operations out of London and into Basingstoke to help reduce costs. Dillistone has said its two largest divisions, Dillistone Systems and Voyager Software, will return to profit in 2019 and that GatedTalent will report a narrower loss on higher revenue. However, it said overall revenue will be below expectations and that it will stay in the red in the year to the end of December 2019, partly because of ‘the continuing uncertainty over Brexit in the UK and ongoing economic uncertainty in the wider world’. Shares gained momentum as the UK general election drew to a close, installing some certainty over where Brexit is headed. Shareholders can expect an improvement in results when it releases its 2019 earnings, but they are waiting for the rewards of its efforts to start coming through in 2020.

Invest in Dillistone Group shares today

This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.

Explore the markets with our free course

Discover the range of markets you can spread bet on - and learn how they work - with IG Academy's online course.

Turn knowledge into success

Practice makes perfect. Take what you’ve learned in this shares strategy article, and try it out risk-free in your demo account.

Ready to trade shares?

Put the lessons in this article to use in a live account. Upgrading is quick and simple.

  • Trade over 12,000 popular global stocks
  • Protect your capital with risk management tools
  • Deal on 70 key US stocks out-of-hours, so you can react to news

Inspired to trade?

Put the knowledge you’ve gained from this article into practice. Log in to your account now.

What is the number one mistake traders make?

We reveal the top potential pitfall and how to avoid it. Discover how to increase your chances of trading success, with data gleaned from over 100,00 IG accounts.

For more info on how we might use your data, see our privacy notice and access policy and privacy webpage.

You might be interested in…

Find out what charges your trades could incur with our transparent fee structure.

Discover why so many clients choose us, and what makes us a world-leading provider of spread betting and CFDs.

Stay on top of upcoming market-moving events with our customisable economic calendar.

Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 68% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading spread bets and CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.