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Spread betting vs share dealing

Explore the differences between spread betting and share dealing, two of the most popular ways to trade on IG’s range of global shares. 

All trading involves risk. Losses can exceed deposits.

Spread betting

  • Trade forex, commodities, shares and more

  • No capital gains tax or stamp duty1

  • Deal on leverage: open a position for a fraction of the full value of the trade, though losses can exceed deposits

  • Go long and short

  • Dividend adjustments offset any changes in the price of the underlying market 

  • Commission free, with all costs included in the spread

  • 24-hour dealing on key markets

  • No shareholder privileges

Share dealing

  • Trade shares and ETFs

  • Gain tax-free profits by trading via a stocks and shares ISA or SIPP1

  • Put up the full value of the trade

  • Speculate only on shares that rise in value

  • Receive dividends (if paid)

  • Commission paid on all trades

  • Deal during exchange opening hours

  • Gain shareholder rights, such as voting privileges

Which is best for me?

You can use both spread betting and share dealing as part of your trading strategy, or stick to either product exclusively. Here are a few points to consider as you decide which option works for you.

Spread betting could be for you if...

   

  • You want to gain exposure to a range of asset classes

  • You want profits to be free from tax

  • You want reduced sizes on share deals, without having to pay a minimum commission

  • You want to trade on both markets that fall and those that rise

  • You want to trade in sterling, even when speculating on international markets

Share dealing could be for you if…

   

  • You want tax-free profits via ISAs and SIPPs

  • You want to limit your potential losses to your initial outlay

  • You want to learn more about the markets before you undertake the added risks of leveraged trading

  • You want to make the most of shareholder privileges

  • You want to spread bet using shareholdings as collateral

Barclays spread bet vs share deal

  Spread bet Share deal

Underlying price

208 208

Our price

207.5 / 208.5 208

Deal

Buy at 208.5 Buy at 208

Deal size

£20 per point 2000 shares

Initial outlay

£208.50

(Margin = exposure x 5% margin factor)

£4160

(2000 shares at 208p)

Stamp duty

None £20

Capital gains tax

None £72

Close price

Sell at 229 Sell at 229

Profit

£410

(20.5pt increase x £20 per pt)

£400*

(4580 – 4160 = 420, less stamp duty)

 

*Not including commission fee

What are the technical differences?

financial spread bet enables you to take a position on whether an underlying market will rise or fall in value. You never own the asset itself, and because spread betting is a leveraged product, you only need to put a fraction of the full value of the trade – or the ‘margin’ – to gain full exposure. All spread bets come with a fixed expiry date.

Share dealing allows you to buy shares for their full value, offering a way to hold them for as long as you like and enjoy shareholder privileges. Unlike spread betting, you’ll have to pay stamp duty on each trade and capital gains tax on any profits, except those protected in a tax-free stocks and shares ISA or SIPP.

 

The differences in detail

  Spread betting Share dealing
What is it? The placing of a bet that allows you speculate on a range of outcomes. The buying and selling of physical shares in a company.
Are there expiries? Yes, fixed expiry dates. No expiry dates.
Do I pay tax? There’s no capital gains tax or stamp duty.* You pay stamp duty on each trade and capital gains tax on any profits, except those made from trades using a stocks and shares ISA or SIPP.
When can I trade?

We offer 24-hour dealing on forex and major stock indices; during the underlying market hours for other markets.

 

We also offer weekend trading on selected markets.
Only when the related exchange is open.
Do I pay to keep positions open? Overnight funding on daily funded bets. Rollovers on forwards and futures. No.
What kind of trading is it suitable for? Intra-day
Daily
Medium-term

Long-term

Investing
Can I receive dividends? We make a dividend adjustment on equity and stock index spread bets. Yes.
Is it used for hedging? Yes. Rarely, as spread bets and CFDs are more effective. 
Range of markets More than 15,000 markets, including:

Forex
Stock indices
Shares
DMA forex
DMA shares
ETFs and ETCs
Metals
Energies
Spot metals
Soft commodities
Options
Digital 100s
Sprint bets
Interest rates
Bonds
Sectors
Share forwards
Forex forwards
Daily stock index futures
Stock index futures
Daily oil futures

Shares and ETFs only, but more than 9000 from a range of stock indices in local denominations:  
                                                                         
UK indices including:
FTSE 100
FTSE 250
Other small cap UK stocks


US indices including:
S&P 500
NASDAQ 100
Other small cap US stocks
 

European indices including:
DAX
HDAX
MDAX
Irish ISEQ
Dutch AEX
The charges A spread on all markets.
No commission.
Funding adjustments (excluding futures and forwards).
Commission on all trades.
A currency conversion fee on international shares.
Dealing platforms Desktop dealing 
Mobile app (iPhone, Android, Windows) 
Tablet app (iPad) 
DMA
MetaTrader 4
ProRealTime
Desktop dealing 
Mobile app (iPhone, Android, Windows) 
Tablet app (iPad) 
DMA
MetaTrader 4
ProRealTime
Direct market access (DMA) No. Yes.

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* Tax laws are subject to change and depend on individual circumstances. Tax law may differ in a jurisdiction other than the UK.

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