Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 76% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading spread bets and CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 76% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading spread bets and CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

What are small-cap stocks?

Find out what small-cap stocks are and the differences between small-, mid- and large-cap stocks. Discover how to trade or invest in small-cap stocks with us.

Trader charts Source: Bloomberg

What are small-cap stocks?

Small-cap stocks are companies with a valuation or market capitalisation between $300 million and $2 billion. These stocks are typically small companies that are considered to show potential to grow very quickly. This characteristic provides an opportunity for investors to buy in early and benefit as the stock rises.

While the growth opportunity that exists in small-caps stocks makes the security appealing to investors, there’s an inherently high level of uncertainty in getting exposure to these businesses.

When compared to companies that’ve been established for a long time with a good track record, like mid-cap stocks or large-cap stocks, small-cap stocks are generally more volatile and riskier assets.

Note that small-caps stocks shouldn’t be misconstrued for startups, as they generally have a history of good performances and they derive their classification from their market value.

How are small-cap stocks categorised by market capitalisation?

Market capitalisation differentiates between publicly traded companies by their total market value to classify them into three categories: small-, mid- and large-caps stocks.

These categories are not indicative of the size of the company or how long it has been established. That’s because valuation measures the performance of the stock price at a given time and companies could move in and out of these ranges quite often.

Category Market capitalisation
Micro-cap companies Less than $300 million
Small-cap companies $300 million to $2 billion
Mid-cap companies $2 billion to $10 billion
Large-cap companies $10 billion to $200 billion
Mega-cap companies More than $200 billion

Small-cap vs. large-cap stocks

Small-cap stocks Large-cap stocks
Market capitalisation $300 million to $2 billion $10 billion to $200 billion
Growth potential Lots of room for growth Lots of room for growth
Level of risk High risk Low risk
Volatility Very volatile Reduced volatility
Stability Less stable Like to remain stable in comparison
Buy in Lower cost to own the stock Much higher cost to get exposure

Examples of small-cap stocks

Urban Outfitters

Urban Outfitters is a retail giant that sells designer brands around the world. The multinational company is headquartered in Philadelphia, USA, but operates across Europe and Asia. The clothing company is on the cusp of moving up to mid-cap stocks, with a market capitalisation of $1.9 billion.

Trade Urban Outfitters shares with us

Himax Technologies

Himax Technologies is one of the world’s leading providers of semiconductor solutions. The company’s products feature display imaging processing drives for electronic devices such as TVs, laptops, mobile phones and so much more. Himax has a market cap of $1.6 billion as of 29 June 2022.

Trade Himax Technologies stocks with us

Paysafe Limited

Paysafe is an online payment company that offers users a secure channel to transfer their monies. The headquarters of the company are in London, UK and it has a market cap of $1.4 billion as of 29 June 2022.

Trade Paysafe Limited stocks with us

How to trade small-cap stocks with us

With us, you’ll get exposure to small-cap stocks in two ways: trading and investing. The table below shows the differences of owning a trading or investment account with us:

Trading on small-cap stocks Investing in small-cap stocks
Take a position via spread betting or CFD trading Invest using our share dealing account
Leverage your exposure – you’ll only pay a deposit to get exposure to the full position size Pay the full value of the shares you buy upfront Pay the full value of the shares you buy upfront
Leverage means both profit and loss will be magnified to value of the full trade – so you could gain or lose more money than you’d expect1 You may get back less than what you put in because as much as the value of shares can rise, it can also fall as well
Trade tax-free with spread bets and offset losses with CFDs2 Invest tax-free with a stocks and shares ISA3
Take shorter-term positions Focus on longer-term growth

To get started, we’ve collated a few steps that will help you ready to trade or invest with us:

How to trade on small cap with us

  1. Create an account or log in
  2. Choose between spread bets and CFDs and search for your opportunity
  3. Select ‘buy’ to go long, or ‘sell’ to go short
  4. Set your position size and take steps to manage your risk
  5. Open and monitor your position

How to invest in small cap with us

  1. Create an account or log in
  2. Search for the stock you’d like to invest in
  3. Select ‘buy’ in the deal ticket (you can only go long when investing)
  4. Choose the number of shares you want to buy
  5. Open and monitor your position

Small-cap stocks summed up

  • Small-cap stocks are companies with a valuation or market capitalisation between $300 million and $2 billion
  • Investors find small-cap stocks more attractive than mid- and large-cap stocks because they have the opportunity of buying in early in a company hoping that it grows in the future
  • You can differentiate between small-cap stocks and other categories using the market capitalisation of the company
  • Companies that are classified as small-cap stocks may not remain in that category for long due to its volatile nature
  • You can get exposure to small-cap stocks with us by trading using spread bets or CFDs or invest in the market via our share dealing platform

Footnotes
1 Traders stand to lose more than their deposit margin and their loss will exceed their initial deposit when they use leverage. Therefore, it’s important to take steps to manage your risk
2 Tax laws are subject to change and depend on individual circumstances. Tax law may differ in a jurisdiction other than the UK.
3 Trade in your share dealing account three or more times in the previous month to qualify for our best commission rates. Please note published rates are valid up to £25,000 notional value. See our full list of share dealing charges and fees.


This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.

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