As you can see, the trader in this example has established that bitcoin is a highly volatile, high-cost asset because its price can move by thousands of dollars in a relatively short period. On the other hand, the trader has set government bonds as their high-cost, low-volatility asset, because they require a lot of money to take a position on but generally are thought of as a very low-risk, low-volatility asset.
The second market map, found below, is an example of how a trader has mapped the stock market using different companies and their current stock prices against the estimated returns. To make this map, the trader has analysed each company individually and selected these four as possible opportunities depending on different market conditions.
To carry out fundamental analysis on a company, a trader would look at the stock price, leadership team and financial statements in order to make an assessment its ability to generate a profit. Other factors can also affect fundamentals, such as the geopolitical stability of the area in which a company is based, as well as current interest and inflation rates in the economy.