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Non-farm payrolls definition

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Non-farm payrolls are a monthly statistic representing how many people are employed in the US, in manufacturing, construction and goods companies. They can also be known as non-farms, or NFP.

NFP gets its name from the jobs that aren’t included: farm workers, and those employed in private households or non-profit organisations. The data is usually delivered on the first Friday of any given month, and can move several markets in a major way. 

There are several other key pieces of data involved in the non-farms release, including the unemployment rate, detail on sectors, average hourly earnings and revisions of previous releases. These are all also important to the markets.

Various analysts release predictions for NFP figures in advance of the actual release, causing a great deal of speculation in the lead up to each report. 

What is non-farm employment change?

Non-farm employment change is another term for non-farm payrolls. Because the NFP figure displays how many jobs have been added or lost in the sectors covered by the report, it is sometimes known as non-farm employment change instead of NFP.

What time is NFP released?

NFP is typically released on the first Friday of every month, at 8.30am EST. In the UK, this usually means it is released at 1.30pm.

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