China inflation data weighs on APAC currencies
In China, consumer price index was flat in June year-on-year, after a 0.2% gain recorded in May, missing expectations of a 0.2% rise.
The US dollar showed modest gains on Monday, but remained lower than where it was on Friday before the release on June non-farm payrolls (NFPs). The US economy added 209,000 jobs last month, missing market expectations for the first time in 15 months. May job creations were also downwardly revised to 306,000.
In China, consumer price index (CPI) was flat in June year-on-year (YoY), after a 0.2% gain recorded in May, missing expectations of a 0.2% rise. This was the slowest pace since February 2021. Producer price index fell at the fastest pace since December 2015. The index fell for a ninth straight month, by 5.4% YoY.
This latest data added to the case that the People's Bank of China (PBoC) measures have so far been insufficient. Beijing has set a target for a consumer inflation of about 3% this year. Economists see it more around 1%. Does it mean further cuts from the PBoC should be expected? The market anticipates only another 10-basis point cut this year and believes that support is more likely to come through fiscal measures.
There is more to come later this week. A couple of central banks are set to decide on rates, both on Wednesday.
New Zealand is up first. After hiking by 25-basis points at its last meeting and taking the official cash rate (OCR) to its highest in nearly 15 years, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) is very likely to stay put this month, keeping the OCR at 5.5%. After its last decision the bank said it was seeing borrowing costs peaking at that level.
The situation is different in Canada, where the Bank of Canada (BoC) unexpectedly hiked by 25-basis points in June, for the second time only this year. On Wednesday, the bank is seen to add another quarter of a percentage point to its overnight rate, taking it to 5%.
Concerns about inflation have increased in recent weeks. If headline inflation has been almost constantly falling since June last year, core inflation appears to be stickier. Core CPI has also been falling, but at a slower rate that the main index.
UK retail sales
In the UK, the BRC retail sales monitor is expected to rise by 3.7% in June, the same pace as the previous month, as consumers continue to rein in spending on non-essential goods.
Also on Tuesday, unemployment rate is seen remaining at 3.8%.
On Thursday, a shock could come with monthly GDP. The British economy is expected to have contracted by 0.4% in May month-on-month (MoM). This would take the three-month average to -0.1%. We are nowhere near talking about recession yet, but it is a scenario that economists are keeping in mind, as many see rates rising a further 150 basis points this year.
On the corporate front, there is not much to expect over the next three days. It will all change on Thursday with PepsiCo and Delta Airlines' quarterly reports, followed on Friday by the first set of US banks earnings. JPMorgan Chase, Wells Fargo and Citigroup are due to report.
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