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Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 71% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading spread bets and CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

​​​Where to next for the FTSE 100 as it celebrates its 40th anniversary?

A look back on the FTSE 100’s past 40 years and comparison to its peers.

FTSE 100 Source: Bloomberg

​​​The FTSE 100 is 40 years old

​​The FTSE 100, the premier stock market index in the United Kingdom, has reached a milestone - its 40th anniversary.

​Originally launched on 3 January 1984, the FTSE 100 was designed to serve as a barometer for the UK's equity market and broader economy. The index consists of the 100 largest companies by market capitalization listed on the London Stock Exchange, currently totalling around £1.9 trillion in combined value. This represents massive growth from its initial market cap of £165.6 billion, the data first made available in 1986 thanks to FTSE Russell.

​A few veteran constituents have remained in the FTSE 100 since its beginnings, including banking giants Barclays and Lloyds, retail leaders Sainsbury's and Tesco, and tobacco conglomerates British American Tobacco and Imperial Brands according to RTE, Ireland’s National Public Service Media.

​However, the FTSE 100 has faced criticism over its sluggish performance compared to other major global indexes like the S&P 500 in the United States and the Euro Stoxx 50 in Europe. In 2023 the FTSE 100 underperformed the Dow Jones Industrial Index and Euro Stoxx 50 by over 10%, the S&P 500 by over 20% and the Nasdaq 100 by roughly 50%.

FTSE 100 comparison chart Source: Google Finance
FTSE 100 comparison chart Source: Google Finance

​While the UK benchmark has climbed 654% from its 1984 starting point, it has seen minimal gains since 2000. Meanwhile, other European and US global stock indices surged over the last two decades.

​Still, the FTSE 100 has managed to outpace both gold and UK government bonds across its 40-year track record. It also managed to end 2022, a dismal year for stocks globally, marginally in positive territory when other stock indices all ended up in the red.

​As the index now looks ahead, experts suggest it could find momentum from declining inflation and the upcoming UK general election.

​For a more in-depth analysis of the FTSE 100 and IG’s 2024 outlook please refer to my colleague Chris Beauchamp’s article here.

This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.

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