How to trade using bullish and bearish engulfing candlesticks
Bullish and bearish engulfing candlesticks are a key part of technical analysis, often used to identify reversals in the price of an asset – commonly forex. Discover what engulfing patterns are and what they show traders.
What is an engulfing candlestick pattern?
Engulfing candlestick patterns are comprised of two bars on a price chart. They are used to indicate a market reversal. The second candlestick will be much larger than the first, so that it completely covers or ‘engulfs’ the length of the previous bar. There are two types:
They can indicate that the market is about to change direction after a previous trend. Whether this is bullish or bearish signal will depend on the order of the candles.
The body of a candlestick represents the open-to-close range of each trading period, which can range from a second to a month or more – depending on your chart settings. Looking at two bars next to each other will provide a clear comparison of the market movement from one period to the next. The colour of the candle will indicate whether the price direction has been up (green) or down (red).
For a perfect engulfing candle, no part of the first candle can exceed the wick (also known as the shadow) of the second candle. This means that the high and low of the second candle covers the entirety of the first one. However, the main focus is on the real body of the candle.
Engulfing candles are one of the most popular candlestick patterns, used to determine whether the market is experiencing upward or downward pressure. However, it is important to remember that engulfing candles are a lagging technical indicator – meaning they occur after price action – as they require the previous two candlesticks’ worth of data before the signal is given.
Bullish engulfing candles explained
A bullish engulfing pattern appears in a downtrend. It is formed of a short red candle next to a much larger green candle.
The first candlestick shows that the bears were in charge of the market. Although the second period opens lower than the first, the new bullish pressure pushes the market price upwards – often to such an extent the second candle is twice the size of the previous one.
What do bullish engulfing candlesticks tell traders?
The bullish candlestick tells traders that buyers are in full control of the market, following a previous bearish run. It is often seen as a signal to buy the market – known as going long – to take advantage of the market reversal. The bullish pattern is also a sign for those in a short position to consider closing their trade.
Although the wicks of the candles are not as important as the bodies for an engulfing pattern, the second candle in a bullish engulfing can provide a good indication of where to place a stop-loss for a long position. This is because it shows what the minimum price someone is willing to accept in exchange for an asset at that given point in time. So, if the current uptrend does reverse, you can see a clear exit point for your position.
When looking at a bullish engulfing pattern it is important to look at the previous candles as well to confirm the price action, and use the appropriate technical analysis indicators to confirm the reversal.
Practise using bullish engulfing candlestick patterns in a risk-free environment by opening an IG demo account.
Example of a bullish engulfing pattern
Looking at the below GBP/USD price chart, we can see that the bullish engulfing pattern consists of a green candle engulfing a previous red candle.
Although the wick of the red candle is longer than the green, the body of the green is nearly twice the size of its predecessor. The following seven days indicate a bullish trend, before a bearish reversal can be seen.
Bearish engulfing candles explained
A bearish engulfing pattern is the opposite of a bullish engulfing; it comprises of a short green candle that is completely covered by the following red candle.
The first candlestick shows that the bulls were in charge of the market, while the second shows that bearish pressure pushed the market price lower. The second period will open higher than the previous day but finish significantly lower.
What do bearish engulfing candlesticks tell traders?
A bearish engulfing pattern tells traders that the market is about to enter a downtrend, following a previous increase in prices. The reversal pattern is a signal that bears have taken over the market and could be about to push the prices down even further – it is often seen as the sign to enter a short position or ‘short-sell’ the market.
The pattern is also a sign for those in a long position to consider closing their trade.
Again, although the wicks are usually not considered a core part of the pattern, they can provide an idea of where to place a stop-loss. For a bearish engulfing pattern, you’d put a stop-loss at the top of the red candle’s wick as this is the highest price the buyers were willing to pay for the asset before the downturn.
Practise using bearish engulfing candlestick patterns in a risk-free environment by opening an IG demo account.
Example of a bearish engulfing pattern
By looking at the USD/JPY chart below, we can see an example of a bearish reversal. The green candlestick signifies the last bullish day of a slow market upturn, while the red candlestick shows the start of a significant decline.
The second candle opens at a similar level but declines throughout the day to close significantly lower.
How to use engulfing candlesticks
Engulfing candlesticks can be used to identify trend reversals and form a part of technical analysis. They are most commonly used as a part of a forex strategy as they can provide quick indications of where the market price might move, which is vital in such a volatile market.
To start using engulfing candlesticks, you can:
- Create a demo account to practise trading in a risk-free environment
- Open a live trading account to put your technical analysis into action
Alternatively, if you’d like to learn more about financial markets, technical analysis and candlesticks specifically, you can visit the IG Academy.
Bullish and bearish engulfing candlestick patterns summed up
- Engulfing candlestick patterns are comprised of two bars on a price chart
- They are used to indicate a market reversal
- The second candlestick will be much larger than the first, so that it completely covers or ‘engulfs’ the length of the previous bar
- A bullish engulfing pattern will be made of a shorter red bar being engulfed by a longer green bar. This indicates a bearish trend is coming to an end, ready for an uptrend
- A bearish engulfing pattern will be made of a shorter green bar being engulfed by a longer red bar. This indicates a bullish trend is coming to an end, ready for a downtrend
- They are a common part of a forex trading strategy
- Engulfing candlesticks are a lagging indicator, meaning they give the signal to enter a trade after the price movement has occurred
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