CFDs vs share dealing

Learn more about the differences between trading contracts for difference (CFDs) and share dealing, and discover the benefits of each with our handy guide to CFD trading vs share dealing. The page includes example trades and a detailed side-by-side comparison of the two types of trading to help you decide which is right for you.

Interested in trading CFDs with IG?

What’s the difference between CFD trading and share dealing?

The main difference between trading contracts for difference and share dealing is that when you trade a CFD you are speculating on a market’s price without taking ownership of the underlying asset, whereas when you deal shares you need to take ownership of the underlying stocks.

One implication of this is that you can take advantage of leverage when trading CFDs, meaning you’ll only need to put up a fraction of the full value of the trade – the ‘margin’ – to gain full exposure. This will amplify any profits, but also means that losses can exceed deposits. When you trade shares, on the other hand, you’ll need to pay the full cost of your position upfront so cannot lose more than you invest.

What are the different benefits of CFD trading and share dealing?

Both contracts for difference and share dealing offer ways to take advantage of price movements in financial markets – and both can form part of your portfolio. Take a look at the key points below to discover the different benefits of CFD trading and share dealing, and decide which is best for you.

CFDs Share dealing
  Trade a wide variety of financial instruments, including shares, indices, forex and commodities   Trade only shares and ETFs
  Free from stamp duty, plus any losses can be offset against profits for tax purposes*   Trade via a stocks and shares ISA or SIPP for tax-free profits*
  Trade using leverage to spread your capital further and amplify profits   Pay the full value of your shares up front
  Losses can exceed initial deposits on a given position   Limit risk to your initial outlay
  Go long or short on a market’s direction   Deal only on rising prices
  Positions are adjusted to offset changes from dividends   Receive dividends (if paid)
  Deal around the clock on a number of markets   Deal only during stock exchange opening hours
  No shareholder privileges   Receive shareholder privileges, such as voting rights on major company issues
CFD trading Share dealing

Comparison of a CFD trade and a share deal

Buying Barclays

CFD trade Share deal
Underlying price 208 208
Our price 208 / 208.1 208
Deal Buy at 208.1 Buy at 208
Deal size 2000 shares 2000 shares
Initial outlay

£832.40

(Margin = exposure x 20% margin factor)

£4,160

(2000 shares at 208p)
Stamp duty No £20
Capital gains tax £72 £72
Close price Sell at 229 Sell at 229
Profit

£346*

(20.9pt increase x 2000 shares = £418, less CGT)

*Not including commission fees

£328*

(4580 – 4160 = £420, less stamp duty and CGT)

*Not including commission fees
Learn how to trade CFDs Learn more about share dealing

The differences between CFD trading and share dealing in detail

CFD trading Share dealing
What is it? Trading a financial derivative – you deal on prices derived from the underlying market, not on the underlying market itself. Learn more about what CFD trading is and how it works. The buying and selling of physical shares in a company.
Are there expiries? No expiry dates (excluding forwards and options). No expiry dates.
Do I pay tax? You don’t pay stamp duty, but you do pay capital gains tax. However, losses can be offset as a tax deduction. You pay stamp duty on each trade, and capital gains tax on any profits, except those made from trades using a stocks and shares ISA or SIPP.
When can I trade? We offer 24-hour trading on forex and major stock indices. During the underlying market hours for other markets. We also offer weekend trading on selected markets. Only when the related exchange is open.
Do I pay to keep
positions open?
Overnight funding on all markets, except futures. Rollovers on futures.  
Does IG profit if I lose? We profit primarily from commission, spreads and funding, and hedge the majority of net client exposure. We accept a low level of market risk, from which we can make a small profit or loss. The outcome of a client’s DMA trade never has an impact on our profit or loss. We make our money from the commissions you pay on each trade. The outcome of a trade makes no difference to our bottom line.
What kind of trading
is it suitable for?
Intra-day
Daily
Medium-term
Long-term Investing
Can I receive dividends? We make a dividend adjustment on equity and stock index CFDs.  
Can it be used for
hedging?
  Rarely, as other products are more effective.
Range of markets More than 16,000 markets, including:

Forex
Stock indices
Shares
Cryptocurrencies
DMA forex
DMA shares
ETFs and ETCs

Metals

Energies
Spot metals
Soft commodities
Options
Sprint options
Interest rates
Bonds
Sectors
Stock index futures
Share forwards
Forex forwards
Daily stock index futures
Daily oil futures
Shares and ETFs only, but more than 9000 from a range of stock indices in local denominations:

UK indices including:
FTSE 100
FTSE 250
Other small cap UK stocks

US indices including:
S&P 500
NASDAQ 100
Other small cap US stocks

European indices including:
DAX
HDAX
MDAX
Irish ISEQ
Dutch AEX
The charges A spread on all markets except shares.
We charge a commission on share CFDs, but no spread.
Funding adjustments (excluding futures).
Commission on all trades.
A currency conversion fee on international shares.
Dealing platforms Desktop dealing
Mobile app (iPhone, Android, Windows)
Tablet app (iPad)
DMA
MetaTrader 4
ProRealTime
Desktop dealing
Mobile app (iPhone, Android, Windows)
Tablet app (iPad)
DMA
MetaTrader 4
ProRealTime
Direct market access
(DMA)
Yes, for forex (for pros only) and shares.  

FAQs

Is CFD trading cheaper than share dealing?

CFD trading requires less capital upfront than share dealing because it is a leveraged product. When you buy a physical share, you are paying the full cost of the asset upfront. When you trade CFDs, on the other hand, you will only be required to put up a percentage – known as a margin – which means you can access a position of equivalent size for less money. However, it is important to remember that your total exposure will be the same with both, so while leverage can magnify profits, it can also magnify losses.

The charges for share dealing and CFD trading also differ. When you trade share CFDs with IG, you trade at the real market price. This means that there’s no spread – instead, you’ll only pay commission, and the costs of any funding adjustments or overnight fees. When you buy shares, you’ll need to pay commission and may need to pay a custody fee (dependent on your trading activity), along with any applicable charges and taxes charged by the country where the share is listed. Our fees and charges are set out in full on the CFD charges page.

Can I use CFDs to hedge my share positions?

Yes, you can use CFDs to hedge your share positions. CFDs give you the opportunity to go short on markets, so they can be a great way to hedge short-term volatility by taking a position in the opposite direction of your share position.

If the market does fall in value, the loss to your share position would be offset by gains in your short CFD share trade. However, if the share price had increased instead, then you could close your CFD position and any losses would be offset by profits to your shareholding.

Do you pay CGT (capital gains tax) and stamp duty on CFDs and on share dealing?

When you trade CFDs, you won’t have to pay stamp duty as you do not own the underlying asset. You will need to pay capital gains tax, but can offset losses against your profits.

Alternatively, if you decide to deal shares, you would pay stamp duty on each investment and capital gains tax on any profits. The exception is investments made via a tax-free stocks and shares ISA or SIPP.*

Is there a settlement period when closing a CFD position?

No, CFDs don’t have a settlement period. When you trade CFDs your profit or loss is calculated straight away when you close your position, which makes it much easier to enter and exit trades quickly.

Are CFDs subject to the same settlement period as shares?

Settlement is the point at which cash is paid, or received, in exchange for shares. For share dealing it can take two or three business days after the transaction, before the money will enter or leave your account.

With CFDs, as you will not be taking physical ownership of the shares, there is not the same period of payment and payment can be settled straight away.

Develop your knowledge of CFD trading with IG

Find out more about CFD trading and test yourself with IG Academy’s range of online courses.

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* Tax laws are subject to change and depend on individual circumstances. Tax law may differ in a jurisdiction other than the UK.

CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 75% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.