What is the China A50 and how do you trade it?
The China A50 is a real-time, tradable index. Comprising the largest 50 A-Share companies listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges. Discover what the China A50 is and how it works.
What is on this page?
What is the China A50 Index?
The China A50 is a stock market index comprising 50 A-rated shares, listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges. Stocks are selected based on market capitalisation and are used as a benchmark for equity investment in Mainland China.
In the last few decades, China has grown from being a developing country to a global economic giant – this phenomenal growth has led to increased demand for Chinese investment, and an increase in the A50’s popularity.
What companies are in the China A50 Index?
Some of the big names listed in the China A50 index include Ping An Insurance, China Merchants Bank, Sany Heavy Equipment, China Petroleum & Chemical and Great Wall Motor . The 50 companies are reviewed quarterly by an independent committee to ensure it remains representative of the underlying Chinese market.
The index is dominated by five sectors namely:
- Banking – averaging 44% of the index, China has the largest banking sector in the world
- Life insurance – representing 13% of the market, life insurance has grown exponentially since 2008
- Consumer goods – with a 12% weight in the index, China has a strong market for consumer goods
- Industrials – industrial activity contributes about 40% to the GDP, making it the fourth biggest sector at 11%
- Financial services – investment opportunities, as well as other speciality financial services have boosted the economy and given the sector an 11% share in the market
What moves the price of China A50?
The China A50 price is primarily moved by the share price of the companies listed in the index. Because some companies hold more weight than others, an upward or downward movement in the price of banking stocks, for example, will lead to changes in the price.
Here are some of the most significant factors that can move the index:
- Currency rates – a weaker or stronger Chinese yuan (CNY) can affect the prices of stocks
- News updates – reports about the state of the country’s economic and political well-being can move the index price in either direction
- Changes in a major sector – fluctuations in the price of a sector with a higher index weight. If a sector like banking has a major dip or upswing, it would affect the share price
- Trade partnerships – if China’s relations with other countries, especially major trade partners like the US or Russia are threatened or change in any way, it could affect the index
Why trade the China A50?
Due to its high liquidity and low spreads, the China A50 is a popular market among traders. With a single position, you can gain exposure to an entire industry or sector.
Because the index consists of major companies within China, you can monitor the economic and political climate of the country to predict how the market will move.
For example, if you take a position in the China A50 based on the direction of a major constituent, like China Merchants Bank – if the bank releases its earning reports and the report isn’t favourable, the share price might take a dip.
Reasons why many traders choose the China A50 include:
- Liquidity – the index is highly liquid because it represents the 50 most profitable companies in China, and there is usually a lot of activity taking place in the individual stocks
- Diversification – you get access to different sectors. With one position you get exposure to five major sectors, including finance, life insurance and industrial
- Consistency – because of the calculation of the index, the price is relatively consistent, and no one stock can significantly impact it
How to trade in the China A50
- Open a live account or practise on a demo
- Set your position size
- Take steps to manage your risk
- Place your deal and monitor your position
Trade the China A50 index price directly
You can trade the China A50 price directly with us, using CFDs to take a position, and your profit or loss will depend on the outcome of your prediction.
With CFDs, you can buy or sell contracts to exchange the price difference of the index between the opening and closing positions.
You can trade this on the spot price, which is closest to the underlying price with low spreads but includes overnight fees. Or you can trade options, and take advantage of low-cost and high leverage. Alternatively, you’ll trade via futures which have wider spreads but no overnight fees using our CFD trading account.
Trade in China A50 related ETFs
China A50-linked ETFs enable you to track the index’s price. These funds will be based on the ETFs’ net asset value and the price will rise and fall in line with the China A50 price.
Trade in China A50 listed shares
You’ll buy and hold the actual shares in a China A50-listed company, where you’ll trade the share price and make predictions about price movements using CFDs – without owning the underlying asset.
China A50 summed up
- The China A50 is an index that includes 50 A-listed companies based in China
- There are five major sectors represented in the China A50 – banking, life insurance, consumer goods, industrials and financial services. Traders often choose the China A50 because of its liquidity, and they’re able to take a position in an entire sector with one position
- Different factors affect the China A50 price such as currency rates, news updates, changes in a major sector and trade partnerships
- With us, you’ll trade the China A50 directly to speculate on the spot index, futures, options, ETFs and listed shares
This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Ltd and IG Markets South Africa Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.