Trader thoughts - the long and short of it

Markets ended last week with all attention on US Federal Reserve Chairperson Jerome Powell’s speech at the Jackson Hole symposium.

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Source: Bloomberg

Following weeks of scrutiny from the US President Trump, particularly as it relates to the Fed’s gradual rate hiking cycle and its effects on the USDUSD Dollar, investors sat poised for insights into whether the political heat, along with growing global financial risks would derail the bank’s plans. On balance, the speech delivered by Chairperson Powell was neutral if not a little more to the dovish side, emphasizing the data dependence of the Fed’s decision making, especially regarding target-inflation.

Interest rate traders were hyper sensitive to the news, as they assessed what could possibly be inferred from Chairperson Powell’s speech regarding interest rate moves moving into the end of 2018 and the start of 2019. Markets changed little in terms of its pricing for the path of rate hikes at the end of this year, practically fully pricing in a rate hike at September’s meeting, and keeping steady bets that of a hike in December at around 60%. The disconnect remains in the outlook for 2019, with markets only pricing about 1 hike versus the Fed’s flagged 3, indicating traders’ lack of conviction that rates can be hiked too steeply into next year.

The remarkable move in bond markets in response to Chairperson Powell’s speech was again in the 10 Year US Treasuries, and the spread between that asset and its 2 Year equivalent. Yields on 10 Year Treasuries hovered around 2.81% to 2.82% throughout late trade, as market’s diminished continued to diminish the term premium on long term bonds; while the yield on the 2 Year note edged higher to 2.63%, as traders continued to factor in 2018’s flagged rate hikes from the Fed. Naturally, the effect of this dynamic narrowed the bond spread to new lows of about 19 points, reaffirming concerns of an inverted yield curve and a medium term economic slow-down.   

The US Dollar once again eased its recent bullish run in response to the more dovish Fed, with the DXY shedding 0.54 per cent in the immediate aftermath of the news. The EUR/USDEUR/USD was the greatest beneficiary in the dovish Fed, tearing through the 1.15 handle to presently trade around 1.1617. The local unit also managed to recover territory against the greenback, pushing above 0.7310 resistance to end the week at 0.7330 itself. Arguably the most noteworthy move in currency markets, however, was the oft-maligned USD/CNHUSD/CNH, which hit a near-month-long-low on the back of the dovish Fed, coupled with the statement from the PBOC it would undertake “counter-cyclical” measures to support the Chinese currency.

The prospect of lower long-term rates and slightly easier monetary policy pushed Wall Street to all-time highs late on Friday. The benchmark S&P500 broke through the resistance level at 2874 established during January’s record number, to close only slightly above that mark, while the booming tech-space pushed the NasdaqNasdaq to its own intraday record. The expectation of lower discount rates in the US provides credence to the share-market bulls calling this market higher, with an acceleration in consumer discretionary stocks underpinning the notion that the fundamental strength of an increasingly confident US consumer will underpin further equity market gains.

Despite the overwhelming positive lead handed to it by Wall Street, SPI futures are pointing to an effectively flat start to the week for the ASX 200ASX 200. After what must be described as a distracting week for the local share market, the futures market and our out of hours pricing indicates further sluggishness for the ASX today, surely due to confidence-sapping effects of Canberra’s leadership struggle. The index sits now just above an upward support line near 6255, which coincides with its 50-day exponential moving average. A close below here today would be quite bearish signal and would open-up a breach of support at the significant 6240-mark.

The week ahead for local markets will have relatively fewer data events to trade from, making local markets more vulnerable to external risks. Reporting season for the ASX 200ASX 200 slows somewhat after last week’s inundation of company reports, with the likes of Regis Healthcare, Blackmores and Regis Healthcare the one’s to watch; while fundamental data will be very light, with Thursday’s Capital Expenditure data the only truly significant release. The dearth of news may see traders shift focus to matters affecting emerging markets, or the unfolding trade war, which took a backwards step last week after US-China trade negotiations fizzled. 

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This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited and IG Markets South Africa Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. International accounts are offered by IG Markets Limited in the UK (FCA Number 195355), a juristic representative of IG Markets South Africa Limited (FSP No 41393). South African residents are required to obtain the necessary tax clearance certificates in line with their foreign investment allowance and may not use credit or debit cards to fund their international account.

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