Examples of a base currency
Let’s say that you are looking at the EUR/CHF pair. In this example, the base currency is the euro and the quote currency is the Swiss frank. If the price of the EUR/CHF pair is 1.1300, it means that you would need 1.13 Swiss franks to buy a single euro.
When you trade forex, you have the option of going long or short. This means that you will need to assess which currency in the forex pair is considered ‘weak’ or ‘strong’ when compared to the other currency.
If you open a long position, you would do so in the expectation that the base currency will rise, or that the quote currency will fall. So, if you thought that the Swiss frank was going to fall in value, or that the euro was going to rise, you would buy EUR/CHF.
If you were to open a short position, you would do so with an expectation that the base currency will fall in value against the quote currency. So, if the Swiss dolar is strong, you would want to execute a sell order on the EUR/CHF pair.