What is a false breakout and how can you avoid it?
Avoid one of the most common pitfalls trading – the false breakout. Find out what a false breakout is and how to avoid being taken in by one. Plus, learn how to make the most of real breakouts when they happen.
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What is a false breakout?
A false breakout is a failed breakout – so, before we can unpack one, it’s important to ascertain what a ‘real’ breakout is.
A breakout is a market movement that happens when an asset class (eg a currency pair) breaks out of its normal price range, either the support level or resistance level. When the market price shoots significantly higher or lower than usual, that’s called a breakout.
However, in order for something to truly be considered a breakout, this momentum has to be sustained, and can’t simply be a brief uptick in price. If a stock or another underlying asset rises out of its support or resistance level, only to revert back down again shortly afterwards, this is what’s known as a false breakout.
Breakouts vs false breakouts: the difference
|Breaks through (rises above) the resistance level and continues to appreciate in price or breaks through (dips below) the support level and continues to depreciate in price.
|Breaks through (rises above) the resistance level or breaks through (dips below) the support level, but only momentarily – failing to sustain momentum.
How to identify false breakout patterns
It can be tricky to identify when a breakout is genuine and when it’s a ‘failed break’, as false breakouts are sometimes called. Fortunately, there are ways to recognise them.
One of the simplest ways to identify a false breakout is to make a note of how long it lasts. Because failed breaks are fleeting, watching your chosen asset for a while is often an effective way to tell if a breakout is genuine or not.
Similarly, you need to have studied your market well, as all of them have histories of false breakouts and true breakouts over time. This can help to you recognise where a current break may resemble previous ones that turned out to be false. Just remember that past performance isn’t always an indicator of future results, so let these figures inform you rather than decide for you.
Another crucial step to identifying a failed break is technical analysis, to help you to determine what your chosen market’s support and resistance levels are. This provides key insights when trying to differentiate between a breakout and a false breakout.
That’s because, generally, a breakout is more likely to be false when it hits the same support or resistance level a number of times, but has always pulled back from this point before. However, the more unusual it is for an underlying asset to break through a certain price range, the more likely it’s driven by true momentum and high volumes – often the sign of a true breakout.
Broadly speaking, there are two main types of false breakout patterns that occur:
- A bull trap: when a market looks set to trend higher than it has before, by breaking out of its upper resistance level. However, the price drops down again, confirming it was a false breakout
- A bear trap: the opposite of a bull trap, where a market drops down lower than its normal support level, but then rallies before it can be a true breakout
How to avoid a false breakout
It can be almost impossible to tell a true breakout from a failed break if you don’t know what you’re doing. Here are four ways to avoid a failed break:
1. Take it slow
One of the simplest ways to avoid a false breakout is also one of the most challenging for many traders – to simply wait. Instead of buying in to the trend the moment your pair breaks through its support or resistance level, give it a few days (depending, of course, on your trading style and its timeline) and watch as, often, the failed breaks simply weed themselves out.
2. Watch your candles
A more advanced version of waiting it out, a candlestick chart can come in handy. When you suspect a breakout is happening, wait till the candle closes to confirm its strength. The stronger the breakout appears, the more likely it’s not a failed break.
While this can be an effective way to identify false breakouts, many traders don’t have the time to sit and watch their chosen chart around the clock. That’s why, with us, you can set alerts to notify you of the specific market conditions you’re waiting for. In the case of a breakout, for example, you’d create an alert based on candle’s close price, to notify you of any potential breakouts.
3. Use multiple timeframe analysis
Another efficient way to identify breakouts, and what of those are likely failed breaks, is multiple timeframe analysis. This entails watching your chosen market using a variety of different timeframes. When using this technique, you’d likely spot the potential for a breakout in the short term, then ‘zoom out’ to view that same market over a week, a month or even longer before opening a position.
This helps with identifying a false breakout because you’re paining perspective of your asset over both the longer and shorter term. Studying its patterns can show if what you think is a breakout is actually significant in the context of that market.
4. Know the ‘usual suspects’
Learning how to identify these patterns can help you to tell the difference between a breakout and a false breakout, as these three formations are often associated with failed breaks. For example, ascending triangles are indicators of a temporary market correction, rather than a true breakout.
How to trade a false breakout
While it may sound counterintuitive, there are also times when you may want to take a position on false breakouts.
You can use a false breakout as an opportunity to profit from a rising or falling market. Say you want to trade on the value of gold. Its price rises beyond the current resistance level and you think that this is a bull trap.
In this case, you may want to go short on the market to try and profit from the anticipated decline. If the market does fall and you closed your position, you’d have made a profit. However, if this is a true breakout and the market continues to rise, you could make a loss on your trade.
To trade a false breakout you’d:
How to trade breakouts
Here’s how to trade breakouts with us:
- Create a live account or practise first with a demo account
- Learn the signs of a market about to break out – you can find out far more about breakouts by upskilling yourself on IG Academy
- Do technical analysis on your chosen market to identify breakouts
- Take steps to manage your risk, including stop orders and limit orders
- Open and monitor your first trade
With us, you’ll use CFDs to do this – a financial derivative that enables you to trade on the price direction of different markets without owning the underlying asset, meaning you can go long or short.
False breakouts summed up
- A false breakout is a significant movement out of a market’s normal support or resistance levels that doesn’t last – hence it ‘fails’
- These can cause costly mistakes for traders, thinking a market has hit a true breakout and going long, only for it to lose momentum shortly afterwards
- You can avoid false breakouts – or trade them intentionally – by studying your chosen market and knowing the chart patterns timeframes and other signs of a failed break
- With us, you can trade on breakouts and failed breaks using CFDs
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