Non-Farm Payrolls

Discover what the non-farm payrolls report is, when it’s next released and how the announcement influences financial markets.

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Non-Farm Payrolls

Discover what the non-farm payrolls report is, when it’s next released and how the announcement influences financial markets.

Call 1 844 IG USA FX or email newaccounts.us@ig.com to talk about opening a trading account.

We’re here 24 hours a day, from 3am Saturday to 5pm Friday (EST).

Contact us: 1 312 981 0498

What Is the Non-Farm Payrolls Report?

The non-farms payroll report (NFP) is the monthly release of data on the 80% of the US workforce employed in manufacturing, construction and goods.

As the name suggests, it does not include those who work on farms, and also excludes private households, non-profit workers and government employees.

When Is the Next Non-Farm Payroll Report?

The next non-farm payroll report is announced on Friday January 10th, 2019 at 8:30am (EST time).
See a full calendar of NFP releases.

Watch live coverage with IG

Every NFP Friday, follow the release – and the market fallout – live with our in-depth coverage of the announcements. This can be a great way to gain insight into the impact of previous NFP figures, predictions for the future and how non-farms are traded by others.

To follow the announcement as it happens, sign up for an IG account.

Why Is the Non-Farm Payroll Report Important?

The non-farm payroll release gives an invaluable insight into the state of the world’s biggest economy, showing how US business is performing and offering an indication of where the Federal Reserve might take interest rates in the near future.

The overall number of jobs added or subtracted is an indicator of the health of the economy as a whole, and are part of the Federal Reserve’s mandate on employment – so the FOMC will pay attention to NFP figures when deciding whether to raise or lower rates.

For example, a high number of jobs can be taken as a sign of inflationary pressures, which may lead to an interest rate hike. A fall in the number, meanwhile, may indicate a declining economy, increasing the chances of a rate cut.

Interest rates have a major part to play in the movements of forex, stocks and commodities, so the non-farms report can reverberate across global markets in a big way.

Non-Farm Payrolls Components

While you’ll usually see the headline NFP number used in reports, there are plenty of other components that can be just as important to follow. Here’s a quick rundown of what else to watch out for:

  • The unemployment rate as a percentage of the overall workforce. This figure is closely watched, as the unemployment rate can influence the Federal Reserve’s assessment of the US economy
  • Which sectors the increases and decreases in jobs came from. This gives traders information on which sectors of the economy are up or down, which can be useful in planning future trades
  • Average hourly earnings. If there are the same number of jobs, but the average earnings have decreased, the effect is the same as if people had been subtracted from the workforce
  • Revisions to previous non-farm payroll releases. This is an important component that can move markets suddenly as traders re-price their growth expectations based on the revisions to previous announcements

How To Trade Non-Farm Payrolls

Trading non-farms payrolls can present the opportunity for increased profits on a variety of markets, but the announcement can cause volatility, increasing risk.

Prior to the release, economists will attempt to predict what the headline NFP number will be, usually arriving at a consensus estimate. The market fallout from the release can then be magnified depending on the closeness of the estimate to the actual figure.

Some of the markets that are likely to be most affected are:

  • Forex: A healthy US economy will attract investment from around the word, driving up the price of the US dollar. This affects major currency pairs, such as GBP/USD, EUR/USD and AUD/USD
  • Indices: Strong employment is a sign that businesses are doing well – but a strong dollar can negatively affected US indices such as Dow Jones, the S&P 500 and the NASDAQ
  • Commodities: If it looks like the US economy is performing poorly, traders may turn to safe havens, such as gold and silver

Non-Farm Payrolls Calendar

The data release is usually on the first Friday of every month at 8:30am New York time.

Reference month Date Time (GMT)
January 2020 February 7, 2020 8:30am
February 2020 March 6, 2020 8:30am
March 2020 April 3, 2020 8:30am
April 2020 May 8, 2020 8:30am
May 2020 June 5, 2020 8:30am
June 2020 July 2, 2020 8:30am
July 2020 August 7, 2020 8:30am
August 2020 September 4, 2020 8:30am
September 2020 October 2, 2020 8:30am
October 2020 November 6, 2020 8:30am
November 2020 December 4, 2020 8:30am

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