Non-farm payrolls are a monthly statistic representing how many people are employed in the US, in manufacturing, construction and goods companies. They can also be known as non-farms, or NFP.
NFP gets its name from the jobs that aren’t included: farm workers, and those employed in private households or non-profit organisations. The data is usually delivered on the first Friday of any given month, and can move the market in a major way.
There are several other key pieces of data involved in the non-farms release, including the unemployment rate, detail on sectors, average hourly earnings and revisions of previous releases. These are all also important to the markets.
Various analysts release predictions for NFP figures in advance of the actual release, causing a great deal of speculation in the lead up to each report.