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The four key scenarios for the French first round election

There are really four key scenarios that can occur in this Sunday’s (Monday morning for us Aussie’s) French election. These scenarios could really shape the performance of markets like EUR/USD (and EUR crosses), France 40 cash and more indirect markets, such as the ASX 200, FTSE 100 cash and gold.

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French flag
Source: Bloomberg

Firstly, it’s important to understand that the first round vote could actually be key in the whole election process and while everyone is fixated on the second round on 7 May, there are permutations of the first round vote that could cause extreme moves in markets this Monday. Here is a very simplistic view of how EUR/USD could react depending on the outcome. One can extrapolate these moves into other financial markets.
 
Recall, the way the French election system works is that the public vote and the two candidates with the most votes go through to the second round. Nice and simple, unlike the US Electoral college system.

Expected times

Keep in mind the polls close on Monday at 4:00am AEST (Sunday 8:00pm local time), with the first exit polls released shortly after – there is a blackout of exit polls until the final polling station closes. IG will be offering Sunday markets for clients (Sunday markets close at 7:40am AEST), so traders can still react to the numbers coming out.

By 6:00am AEST (10:00pm local time), just in time for the FX open, preliminary results will released and the projections for which two candidates could be headed for the second round run-off will start being issued. If we use 2012 as a guide, 80% of the vote was known by around 7:00am AEST, so the period between 6:00am AEST and 7:00am AEST could be very volatile indeed, obviously depending on the results coming out.

Popular traded futures markets (S&P 500, US crude, gold, Nikkei) open at 8:00am AEST, and IG will also start offering the ASX 200 (Australia 200) and other European indices such as CAC, DAX and FTSE at this time. By 8:30am AEST (12:30am local time) we should have a complete picture of the votes.

Implied volatility

If we look at the EUR/USD $1.0700 (at-the-money) ‘straddle’ expiring on Monday we can see this costs around 180 pips in premium. The bottom line here is that the market is expecting a move of 180 points (in either direction) in EUR/USD from current levels of $1.0700. This is where traders can buy or sell volatility structures depending on their view of Monday’s outcome.

Recent polling

Using the elections in 2007 or 2012 as a guide, polling was fairly accurate, which of course is something we can’t say about UK and US elections/referendums. Still, it remains somewhat of a lottery which two candidate’s garner the most votes given there is a mere five-point spread between the leading four candidates. Below is the average of recent polls for voting intensions in the first round, but who goes through will be what drives markets:

  • Emmanuel Macron – 23.8% (independent, centrist, ex-banker, is the establishment choice)
  • Marine Le Pen – 22.8% (far right, importantly is anti- Europe, anti-immigration)
  • Francois Fillon – 19.3% (centre candidate – was the huge favourite, but has had a number of issues including using tax payer funds to pay his wife a salary greater than what Donald Trump gets paid)
  • Jean-Luc Melenchon – 18.8% (far left – likes idea of wealth re-distribution, wants to renegotiate EU-terms, anti-NATO, but is not interested in leaving the Euro)

At present, the bookies have Emmanuel Macron as firm favourite, with a 52% probability of winning the presidency on 7 May. Fillon and Le Pen are a close second. That seems logical if we see Macron and Le Pen go through the first round, as the various polls have consistently put Macron as having a 30-35 percentage point lead in any head-to-head battle.

The playbook

The best-case scenario on Monday
The markets preferred scenario would clearly be a head-to-head battle between Emmanuel Macron and Francois Fillon. This would cause a wave of EUR hedging activity to be unwound and we could be seeing EUR/USD headed into and even above the March highs and onto $1.1000. There would even be scope for the November highs of $1.1100 to come into play, but it seems a stretch to think we will see a move here in just one day.

The likely scenario
Judging by recent polls on who the public want to vote for in the first round, it seems most likely that we will see Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen go through to the second round. The reaction seems unclear given this is the outcome most had speculated on for weeks, but it seems unlikely EUR/USD will break the $1.0500 to $1.0850 range on this outcome. I would, however, favour EUR appreciation here and a relief rally in the CAC 40 cash, given the polls have consistently shown an easy win for Macron in this battle.

The worst-case scenario
Undoubtedly the worst-cast is an outcome involving Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc Melenchon in the final round. This is the doomsday scenario, where both anti-globalisation candidates, one on the extreme left of politics goes up against the candidate from the extreme right. Clearly the prospect of Le Pen becoming president increases in this scenario and uncertainty reigns. EUR/USD likely heads towards and even tests parity in this scenario and the CAC will likely open around 8-10% lower – perhaps even lower.

A Fillon vs Melenchon would also be taken as a negative by markets too.

Le Pen vs Fillon
This scenario would likely play out in a similar manner as ‘the likely scenario’. Polls still suggest Fillon would win this battle, with a recently released poll by BVA giving Fillon a 14 percentage point advantage.

Of course, these scenarios and the levels detailed are just rough guides, but it gives a sense of the moves expected on the different outcomes.  

This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.

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