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It seems both members are seeing the positive ramifications of the falling oil price and feel the US economy will be in good shape next year. New York Fed president Bill Dudley detailed that expectations of a ‘mid-2015 interest-rate increase seem reasonable to me’. This view seems in-line with many economists; however the money markets are more sanguine about rates and feel November may be a more fitting time. The four basis-point move higher in the US two-year bond shows just how hawkish traders believed the comments to be.
AUD/USD initially rallied to $0.8543 after the RBA statement, but gave up much of this goodwill with the USD pushing higher. USD/JPY has broken out of its recent consolidation and looks like it could test ¥120.00 in the short term.
Yesterday’s RBA statement hardly expressed an urgency to ease anytime soon (hence the initial AUD strength) and, with the swaps market pricing in an 84% chance of a cut over the coming 12 months, it seems some traders were positioned for a more dovish statement. Deutsche Bank even put out a note yesterday saying interest rates would be cut by 50 basis points in 2015, which seems very aggressive.
The statement itself was similar in wording to the November statement, although there have been some subtle changes. Notably, the passage on the exchange rate is different, stating ‘a lower exchange rate is needed to achieve balanced growth in the economy.’ Here the word ‘needed’ seems punchier than before. Still, with building approvals and trade data looking strong, and the recent capital expenditure data also showing capital plans are robust, it seems unlikely the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) are going to ease anytime soon.
The swaps market is pricing in a 56% chance of a cut now and, while I feel the markets should have a slight easing bias, the prospect of easing from the RBA seems low at this stage.
Today’s Q3 GDP read (at 11:30 AEDT) is expected to print 0.7% on the quarter (the economists’ range is +0.9% to +0.4%) and 3.1% on an annualised basis. There are some upside risks here, given the recent net export data. In the US tonight we get the ADP private payrolls report (expected to print 222,000 jobs), while importantly the ISM services index is expected grow at a slightly faster rate of 57.5. Watch the two-year US bond as a fall in prices (rise in yields) would be the key driver for AUD/USD.
Technically, there seems to be quite a bit of focus on the weekly chart. AUD/USD has tested the lower bounds of the multi-year channel and is finding good buying support (as you can see from the chart). The daily chart is also bearish and rallies are being used as good selling opportunities.