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Predicting human and animal behaviour is not always easy for people, let alone technology.
There are innumerable variables at work. Physicists would long ago have been coining it at the races if they did not need to simplify their classical predictive model by eliminating so many variables the horses became spherical.
Humans have a lifetime to learn from other’s behaviour. With the considerable advances in processing power, computers can now also learn in an empirical way. With big data they can also learn by example – so called 'deep learning'.
Newer vehicles are already incorporating this, but with autonomous vehicles just around the corner, they would need to interact with pedestrians who even themselves may not know their mind.
Self-driving in context
‘People in different places behave very differently, such as London versus Vienna or Shanghai’, says Maya Pindeus, CEO of Humanising Autonomy (HA).
Fusing deep learning AI models with psychological and behavioural models helps to predict people’s behaviour on the street, Pindeus explained to IG’s Jeremy Naylor. Add to this data on the context and culture of where the car is driving hones the accuracy of the behavioural predictions.
HA is a London-based startup which has built a context specific tool for predicting human intentions. As things stand, self-driving vehicles have difficulty determining what pedestrians are planning to do. Are they planning to cross the road? Run or walk, straight or at an angle? Are they looking at their phone and don’t even see the car? This is a particular problem in the dense environments of European cities.
Tesla and Google driving interest
Elon Musk has promised a completely automated Tesla by the end of this year. Tesla aims to use cameras to cope with object detection including pedestrians – reactive rather than predictive. Google has driven the most autonomous testing miles, but where, Pindeus asks. Is it in remote parts of Silicon Valley or is it in cities, where pedestrian behaviour is more of an issue?
The HA software can be built into the software stack of autonomous vehicles so a car can predict what a person might do on the street. The company has been working with Daimler on developing the software for autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles.
HA is using the software-as-a-service (SaaS) business model. The software will be licensed on a per vehicle basis.