After yesterday’s PBoC press conference emphasised that they believe the 3.3% devaluation to be sufficient, today’s largely unchanged fix should not have come as a surprise. After three days of continual depreciation in the CNY, the PBoC was keen to remove the perception that it was becoming a new one-way trade. There is clearly direct intervention in the FX market to keep the CNY at levels desired by the government, and a lot of confusion over exactly where the closing price quotes for the next day’s fixing come from.
In the short-term, there is likely to be relative stability in the CNY exchange rate, but there is a high likelihood that the Chinese government will be forced to devalue the currency further. There was some speculation that the move was driven by increased expectations for a September rate hike, and the PBoC wanted to get out in front of it to stop the CNY rising along with the USD. And the move does seem to have been planned at short notice.
Chinese publication Economic Information Daily (Jingji Cankaobao) pointed out that the moves may have been foreshadowed two weeks ago in the State Council’s ‘National Seven Points’ on foreign trade, of which the first point mentioned increasing RMB volatility. That would have been seven weeks before a potential September Fed rate hike. So it does seem like recent policy moves may have been put together quickly over these concerns, partly explaining the volatility in markets this week after they were shocked by such a sudden major announcement.
Asian markets rallied today after the fixing came out largely unchanged at 11.15am AEST. However, much of these gains have been given back later in the session with most major markets now down on the day.
While CNY devaluation may be paused for the moment, it is still quite likely to see further declines over the coming months. These concerns are still weighing on the Nikkei. The index is now down 0.8% on the week, with companies that are heavily exposed to Chinese tourists visiting Japan, such as Japan Airlines and Shiseido (who were down almost 10% this week at one point), being hit hardest. Consumer staples in Japan are likely to continue to see declines as Chinese tourist numbers drop off, and the CNY continues to decline against other Asian currencies where their factories are based.
The Japanese equity market has had an incredible run since the Bank of Japan (BoJ) began its Quantitative and Qualitative Easing (QQE) program in early 2013. The percentage of companies listed on the Nikkei that have prices above the 50-day moving average is currently sitting at 52%. However, this has clearly been trending downwards through the year, with almost 90% of companies above the 50-day moving average in January and February.
P/E ratios in the Nikkei are also elevated at 19.39, above their long term average of 17.28. Despite a solid Japanese earnings season, with 69.3% of companies beating earnings expectations (220/223 having reported), the index is looking increasingly set to continue sideways with a downside risk for the second half of the year.
However, the BoJ may decide to act to increase its QQE program to ward off the effects of a Chinese devaluation - this could see the index continuing to new highs in the second half of the year.
The big falls in WTI overnight, which saw it fall a further 2.5%, have created strong headwinds for energy stocks today.
The ASX is down 0.5% after a brief boost following the CNY fixing announcement. Energy stocks have seen the most selling, with the sector down 3.6%. This has been particularly driven by the almost 9% fall in Santos (STO) today, over rumours that it may have to raise A$3 billion to meet its debt payments and protect against further falls in the oil price on the back of increasing USD strength.
Mining stocks have also seen a negative day, with the sector down almost 1%. Newcrest Mining (NCM), who report earnings on Monday, have seen their stock fall almost 4% over concerns their numbers may not meet expectations. The major miners, BHP and RIO, have also seen their stocks fall more than 1% today as the iron ore price is hit on two fronts by a rising US dollar and falling Chinese purchasing power.
With good retail sales numbers out of the US overnight, alongside upwards revisions from some of the earlier months, keen attention will be paid to US industrial production and PPI numbers out tonight. Every new data point continues to solidify the likelihood of a September rate hike. This probability dipped to 42% over concerns about China’s devaluation earlier in the week, but has climbed back to 50%. With good numbers tonight, trading on Monday will largely be driven by the prospect of further strengthening in the US dollar.